Common Coffee Terms to Know

At Koffee Kult, we get questions about all of the different types of coffee and the differences between coffee beans. Our team of expert coffee roasters and baristas are always happy to answer your questions. The following is a quick reference guide to some of the most common coffee terms for you to brush up on your barista vocabulary.  

AFFOGATO 
A coffee drink where ice cream, usually vanilla, is plopped into a shot of espresso. 

AMERICANO 
A shot of espresso diluted with hot water. 

BARISTA 
The person who prepares your coffee at a coffee bar. 

BLACK EYE 
This is a cup of brewed coffee with a double shot of espresso. 

CAPPUCCINO 
An espresso shot combined with equal parts of espresso, steamed milk, and foam. 

CHEMEX 
The hourglass-shaped filter coffee brewer you may see at a café. 

COFFEE ROASTERS 
Us here at Koffee Kult! We are the ones who prepare your coffee beans for use by roasting them. 

COLD DRIP COFFEE 
Cold brew coffee, where coffee grounds are steeped in cold water for about 12 hours, then strained to make a concentrate that’s used for iced coffee. 

CREMA 
The thick, caramel-colored emulsified oil that sits on top of an espresso. 

DARK ROAST 
Coffee beans roasted until they are dark brown, coated in oils. 

DIRECT TRADE 
When coffee roasters buy straight from the growers, cutting out the middleman brokers. 

DRIP COFFEE 
Coffee that is made with a filter, press pot, percolator, or countertop coffee maker. Flavor is extracted by contact with water, not by being put under pressure. 

ESPRESSO 
One of the most important coffee terms to know, an espresso is concentrated coffee made when hot, water is forced at pressure through fine coffee grounds. 

FAIR TRADE 
When coffee roasters like Koffee Kult participate in a private program that certifies that farmers and coffee growers are paid a minimum price for coffee, also prohibiting child or forced labor. 

FILTER COFFEE 
Drip coffee made with a ceramic, glass or plastic cone lined with a paper filter. 

FLAT WHITE 
Espresso topped with flat, steamed milk. 

FRENCH PRESS 
Coffee made by steeping grounds with hot water in a vessel with a plunger and metal filter that pushes the grounds to the bottom, also called a press pot. 

GREEN BEANS 
An important one of our coffee terms is green beans, which are unroasted coffee beans. Green coffee beans are what the beans look like before the roasting process. 

LATTE 
Espresso with steamed milk, topped with a little bit of foam. 

MOCHA 
Espresso mixed with chocolate syrup and steamed milk. 

POUR-OVER COFFEE 
A method of drip coffee where the water is poured in a thin, steady, slow stream over a filter cone. One cup of coffee takes about three minutes to brew. 

PULL 
Espresso shots are pulled. The term comes from the time when machines were operated by a lever. 

REDEYE 
One of our coffee terms to know if you need to stay awake! This is a cup of brewed coffee with a shot of espresso. 

RISTRETTO 
Espresso pulled short, with less water for more concentration. 

ROAST 
The process in which green beans are heated to create complex flavors that are extracted during brewing, making them change in color and flavor 

SINGLE ORIGIN 
Coffee from a specific region, farm, or area within a farm. Koffee Kult sells a variety of single origin coffee beans. 


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